How do you treat skin pigmentation?

How do you treat skin pigmentation?

Skin pigmentation, also called hyperpigmentation, is a specific term used for dark patches on the skin. These patches develop due to excess melanin production, which generally happens due to sun damage, acne scars, and hormone fluctuations.

If you have these pigments on your skin, know that you don’t have to live with them forever. You can choose from various treatment options.

Here is a brief overview of some skin pigmentation treatment options.

Lightening creams

This over-the-counter treatment option uses different compositions and combinations of carefully selected ingredients to help decrease pigmentation. Some lightening creams are prescription solutions due to their intense action. You can apply these creams once, twice, or according to instructions from your dermatologist.

While these creams help treat skin pigmentation and reduce the visibility of acne scars, they often come with traces of mercury.

Face acids

Face or skin acids shed or exfoliate the top layer of the skin, causing new skin cells to emerge and replace the exfoliated layer. This process also makes your skin tone smoother and more evened out.

It is generally an over-the-counter solution and is available at beauty stores and drugstores. 

Some of the options available are:

  • Azelaic acid

  • Kojic acid

  • Alpha hydroxy acid

  • Salicylic acid

  • L-ascorbic acid

Although this product is a viable solution for skin pigmentation, using it excessively or in higher concentrations can cause side effects.

Retinoids

Retinoids are derived from vitamin A and are among some of the most conventional OTC skincare ingredients. They possess a small molecular structure, which allows them to penetrate the skin and treat deeper layers.

Retinoids are added in both prescription and over-the-counter formulas. OTC formulas are weaker and so may take a much longer time to treat pigmentations. They may even remain ineffective.

On the other hand, prescription retinoid-based products use higher concentrations, which can cause side effects in some skin types.

Chemical peel

A chemical peel is a pigmentation treatment procedure that uses acids at more intense concentrations. These acids, when applied, remove the epidermis. Solutions that penetrate the middle skin layer, or dermis, may produce even more dramatic results.

While you can go for OTC versions of chemical peels, getting this treatment from a qualified dermatologist is recommended.

Because it is a strong solution, it carries a higher risk of side effects. Getting a chemical peel at a professional level helps mitigate that risk.

Laser peel

This option for skin pigmentation treatment in Dubai uses beams of light that are targeted to the treatment site. The two types of lasers used in this procedure are ablative and non-ablative lasers. Ablative lasers, with their higher intensity, remove skin layers. Non-ablative lasers incite the production of collagen at the dermis.

You can discuss the laser peel option with your dermatologist to determine which laser type works best for you. The dermatologist will assess your skin tone and other attributes to recommend the best option.

Intense pulse light

Described as photofacial, intense pulse light (IPL) excites collagen production at the dermis to treat pigmentations and promote overall smoothness. You may have to undergo multiple sessions of this treatment for the best results.

Aside from treating skin pigmentation, this light therapy also addresses other skin issues, including spider veins, enlarged pores, and wrinkles.

Dermabrasion

Dermabrasion removes your epidermis and influences a part of the dermis.

Primarily known to smooth out wrinkles, dermabrasion also helps treat the following issues:

  • Skin pigmentation

  • Age spots

  • Injury scars

  • Sun damage

  • Chickenpox scars

Additionally, it is an effective acne spot treatment in Dubai. Dermabrasion utilizes a drill-like handheld machine with an abrasive attachment. Your dermatologist moves this machine across the skin gently but rapidly, effectively removing the entire epidermis.

If you face the issue of skin pigmentation or hyperpigmentation, speak to your dermatologist. He or she will analyze your problem to identify its root cause and recommend the most viable solution.

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  1. author
    27 Aug 2019
    Tomas Mandy

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    1. author
      27 Aug 2019
      Britney Millner

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  2. author
    27 Aug 2019
    Simon Downey

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