Quiz no. 3

Subject: Technical report writing and presentation skills


Submitted to: Ma’am Norina Amjad

Submitted by: Zain-ul-Abdeen

Roll no: 2kx7-ee-33


























  1. Bibliography:

Bibliography, as a discipline, is traditionally the academic study of books as physical, cultural objects; in this sense, it is also known as bibliopoly. Carter and Barker describe bibliography as a twofold scholarly discipline—the organized listing of books and the systematic description of books as objects.

  1. Research Problem:

A research problem is a specific issue, difficulty, contradiction, or gap in knowledge that you will aim to address in your research. The type of research problem you choose depends on your broad topic of interest and the type of research you want to do. This article helps you identify and refine a research problem.

  1. Literature Review in research:

In essence, a literature review identifies, evaluates and synthesizes the relevant literature within a particular field of research.

  1. Research tools:

Research is "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge". It involves the collection, organization, and analysis of information to increase understanding of a topic or issue. A research project may be an expansion on past work in the field.

  1. Co-Relation Research:
    Correlational research measures the relationship between two variables. Its methods include surveys, observations and archival data analysis.


  1. Quantitative research:
    Quantitative research is the process of collecting and analyzing numerical data. It can be used to find patterns and averages, make predictions, test causal relationships, and generalize results to wider populations.
  2. Qualitative research:
    Qualitative research relies on data obtained by the researcher from first-hand observation, interviews, questionnaires, focus groups, participant-observation, recordings made in natural settings, documents, and artifacts. The data are generally nonnumeric.